When buying real estate in Spain, there are several important considerations to keep in mind to ensure a smooth and successful transaction. Here are some of them.


1. Seek Legal Advice
Hire a reputable Spanish lawyer who specializes in real estate transactions. They can guide you through the legal process, review contracts, and ensure all legal requirements are met.

2. Verify Property Ownership
Ensure that the vendor is the legal owner of the property and has the right to sell it.

3. Check for Liens and Debts
Make sure there are no outstanding debts, mortgages, or liens associated with the property, such as unpaid property taxes or homeowners association’s fees.

4. Review Urban Planning, Building Licenses and Permits
Verify that the property complies with local urban planning regulations, that it has all the necessary building licenses and permits, and that there are no outstanding fines or legal issues related to non-compliance.

5. Understand Costs
Be aware of all associated costs, including taxes, notary fees, registration fees, and any other expenses related to the purchase.

6. Visit the Property
Visit the property in person to get a firsthand look and feel for the surroundings, neighborhood, and condition of the property.

7. Get a Survey
Consider hiring a professional surveyor to inspect the property for any structural issues or other potential problems.

8. Check Homeowners Association’s Bylaws
If the property is part of a homeowners association (common in condominiums and developments), review the community bylaws. You should be aware of the rules and fees associated with communal areas and services.

9. Secure Financing In Advance
If you need a mortgage, try to secure financing before making an offer to demonstrate your financial readiness.

10. Understand the Purchase Contract
Carefully review the purchase contract with your lawyer before signing. Ensure that all terms, conditions, and obligations are clearly outlined, and that there are no ambiguities that could lead to disputes later.



1. Skip Legal Assistance
Avoid proceeding without legal advice. Real estate transactions in Spain can be complex, and having a lawyer will help you protect your interests.

2. Ignore Property Documentation
Don’t ignore or underestimate the importance of verifying property documentation. Make sure all necessary documents are in order.

3. Rush the Process
Avoid rushing through the process. Take the time to thoroughly research and inspect the property before making a commitment.

4. Overlook Additional Costs
Don’t overlook additional costs associated with the purchase. It is in your best interest to be aware from the first moment of all the fees and taxes that you will be responsible for.

5. Assume English is Widely Spoken
Don’t assume that everyone involved in the transaction will speak English. If you’re not fluent in Spanish, consider hiring a translator to avoid misunderstandings. Unless otherwise indicated, in case of inconsistency or ambiguity between the Spanish and English versions of a document, the Spanish version will prevail.

6. Ignore Currency Fluctuations
If you’re paying in a currency other than the Euro, don’t ignore currency fluctuations. Changes in exchange rates can significantly affect the overall cost of the property.

7. Neglect Due Diligence
Avoid neglecting due diligence. Analyze the feasibility of the operation from a legal and technical point of view, investigating thoroughly the property and its legal status to prevent future complications.

8. Depend on Verbal Agreements
Don’t rely solely on verbal agreements. Ensure that all agreements are documented in writing and included in the contract.

9. Disregard Residency Rules
If you’re considering becoming a resident in Spain, don’t disregard the rules and requirements for obtaining residency. Familiarize yourself with the necessary steps.

10. Forget to Plan for Ongoing Costs
Don’t forget to budget for ongoing costs such as property maintenance, community fees, and utilities, as well as any other annual taxes related to owning a property in Spain.

And remember: laws and regulations may vary between regions in Spain, so it’s crucial to have a lawyer who is familiar with the local legal landscape.

At Real(i)ty & Law, we can help you buy real estate in Costa del Sol with confidence and minimize the risk of legal complications down the line.